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  • 53
    History & Process of “Chalkboard”

    JULY-2014 – Backgroundteaching at desk The chalkboard is a flat, vertical writing surface on which anything can be inscribed by means of a piece of chalk. The device is generally used for educational purposes, but it can also be found in the workplace, the home, and restaurants. While chalkboards can be manufactured from a variety of materials, porcelain enamel is the most common material used in today’s chalkboard. The origins of the chalkboard date back to the early decades of the 19th century. The forerunner of the chalkboard was the small, paddle-shaped hornbook. This item had been in use in schools of medieval England, and by the time of the Revolutionary War era in colonial America, it was carried by legions of students. The hornbook was a strip of wood with a piece of paper fastened onto it. On the paper were a variety of learning aids in small print. A typical hornbook would carry both the Lord’s Prayer and the alphabet, and a translucent sheet of animal horn covered the paper. The hornbooks were small objects, sometimes with a hole at the bottom so they could be tied on a string and worn about the neck. Eventually the hornbook evolved into the reading board. This was a strip of about 15 inches (38 cm) in length, also containing the alphabet and other learning aids, that was hung at the front of the late 18th-century classroom. From the reading board came the concept of one general chalkboard for all students in the classroom to both view and use. The chalkboard of modern times was patented in 1823. It was developed by a leading educator of the day, Samuel Reed Hall. A minister, Hall founded Vermont’s Concord Academy, one of the first formal training schools for American teachers. The early chalkboards were simple pine boards painted black. In other cases, a combination of lime, plaster of Paris (a white powdery substance), and lampblack (fine black soot) was spread on the classroom wall. Raw Materials Most modern chalkboards are made of porcelain enamel. In this particular manufacturing process, a tough and durable material such as steel is used as the base. There are several thicknesses of steel used in the manufacture of chalkboards, but the most common is 22-gauge. Another crucial element is silica, a crystalline compound derived from quartz or similar minerals. Found in the crust of the earth, silicon is a tough compound and is called silica when combined with oxygen. Silica is found in most rocks and is a common ingredient in many glass and ceramic products. The surface of a chalkboard is usually a blend of inorganic compounds such as a powdered glass opacifier and oxides, an organic element that provides color to the coating material. Design Chalkboards can be manufactured in a variety of sizes, styles, and colors. The most common hues are green and black, although shades of brown, blue, and gray are also available. They can be customized during the manufacturing process to include special graphic elements. A music department of a college or university, for example, might request classroom chalkboards with musical staffs imprinted on the surface. A basketball team might use a chalkboard with a court layout to go over game strategies. Such lines are typically painted on the surface, but may also be fused onto the enamel during the manufacturing process. The size of the board may be as large as 120” x 48” for classroom use; 42” x 25” for basketball court layout; or 72” x 48” for stand-alone, moveable boards. The Manufacturing ProcessHistory & Process of “Chalkboard” (3)hpm_0000_0002_0_img0056 copyhpm_0000_0002_0_img0056 copy Preparation of steel 1.) The manufacture of chalkboards begins when large sheets of steel in desired sizes enter the manufacturing facility from an outside supplier. This steel is cold-rolled and inspected for irregularities upon arrival. Next, the large sheets are sent into a chemical washer. This chamber washes, rinses, and dries the steel. When this step is completed, the steel is again inspected for flaws and imperfections. Applying slip 2.) Next, a slip is applied to the sheets of steel. A slip is a mixture of clay or another organic compound applied to a surface during the manufacture of porcelain or other ceramics. In this case, the slip is usually made from silica, and applied to both sides of the steel sheet by passing it through a coating chamber. The coating must be at least 0.0025 inches (.062 mm) thick. The slip is set aside to dry. The sheets once again pass through an inspection process before they are transferred to the ground coat furnace area. Firing 3.) This ground coat area of the manufacturing facility typically houses a large furnace chamber. The sheets of steel are fed into the chamber and subjected to high temperatures. This softens the steel and allows fusion of the slip with the steel. This is a crucial step in all porcelain manufacturing and fabrication of industrial ceramics. Applying surface compounds 4.) Once the newly porcelained material leaves the furnace, it is treated with a surface-coating compound. Typically, this compound is derived from glass opacifiers and imparts a smoother texture to the board. Oxides for color may also be added. Again, this coating must be at least 0.0025 inches (.062 mm) thick. The boards are once again sent to a drying area. After they are completely History & Process of “Chalkboard” (1)cooled and dried, they are once again inspected for surface blemishes and uniformity of color. Fusing the coats 5.) Next, the boards are placed in a cover coat furnace. The purpose of this heating process is to fuse the first ground coat with the surface coat. A temperature of at least 1200°F (649°C) is needed to successfully complete this process. Next, the chalkboards are passed through a cooling chamber, which gradually reduces the temperature of the steel so that the flat sheets do not buckle or weaken, which might occur if left to cool by themselves. Final surface preparation 6.) Next, the surface of the chalkboard is laminated onto a fiberboard. This backing material must be at least 0.44 (11 mm) inch thick. A special adhesive is used for this application. In the next few steps, the finishing touches are put on the board. A wood or aluminum trim is added to the edges to make a border, and accessories such as chalktrays, map rails and hooks, and flag holders are attached. Quality Control The manufacturing of porcelain enamel chalkboards falls under the category of industrial ceramics, and manufacturers of the product adhere to standards set by the Porcelain Enamel Institute. One important guideline of this organization is its gloss standard. This is measured by a 45-degree gloss meter. According to the specifications, the gloss of a chalkboard cannot exceed three units as measured by the meter. This assures uniformity of writing surface. Further quality specifications as to durability are also detailed in Porcelain Enamel Institute guidelines. The Future The future of chalkboards is limited. Manufacturers of the product are diversifying into the making of dry-erase boards, which are smooth polypropylene surfaces. Special markers are used to write on them, and they can be erased by a piece of cloth. They are replacing standard chalkboards, particularly in business settings, because chalk dust is seen as a health hazard to humans and harmful to sensitive electronic and computer equipment. Source:

  • 17
    Teen Actress joins Staples campaign

    JUNE-2012 – and Staples are teaming up with teen actress and recording artist Bella Thorne, for the 5th annual Staples for Students national school supply drive, to help kids in need. The drive encourages young people to collect school supplies and drop them off at their nearest Staples store starting July 1 through September 15. Actress and singer Bella Thorne promoting Staples for Students. “I’m excited to help motivate fellow teens to make a difference in their communities,” said Bella Thorne. “There are so many kids in America who return to school without basic school supplies, and I’m thrilled to team up with Staples and to encourage teens to lend a hand.” To kick-start the campaign, Staples will donate $125,000 worth of school supplies to the program this year.

  • 16
    ISOT: RenHong showcases multi functional pen

    JULY-2012 – Chinese manufacturer RenHong is attracting visitors to its stand with its new Lumos multi function pen. Marketed as a promotional product, the pen has a off-axis writing mode for left handers. Other features include a built-in LED light near the tip and a stylus for smart phones and tablets. RenHong says that the pen is made from environmentally-friendly materials and has 6 individual patent rights. RenHong produces in Humen, China and employs over 1,000 workers

  • 15
    Mitsubishi Pencil Co. confirms details of relocation

    SEP-2012 – Mitsubishi Pencil Co. UK Ltd. has announced its new UK and European head office and distribution centre in Milton Keynes will officially open on October 1, 2012. The stationery brand’s current office and warehouse, which is located in Worcester, will close on September 28, 2012. Owen McGonagle, UK general manager for Mitsubishi Pencil Co., said: “The plans are well on schedule and we do not envisage any disruption to our customers, due to our careful planning and emphasis on continuity over the past 6 months. “Our new location will ensure the greater integration of our UK operation with that of the wider European operations of our partners. The new site will sit in a region of the UK with strong expertise, skills and competency in logistics, which should allow us to maintain and perhaps improve the award winning service levels we have achieved to date.” Customers are being asked to review their stock levels ahead of the move and amend their records with the following new contact information to minimise any potential issues.

  • 14
    Paperworld Middle East 2016 eyes continued growth

    JAPaperworld Middle East 2016 eyes continued growth (3)N-2016 – UAE powerhouse Farook International Stationery at forefront of returning exhibitors looking for successful 2016 Paperworld Middle East, the region’s largest trade fair for paper, office supplies, and stationery, is eyeing continued growth, as its launch partners lead the charge of returning exhibitors with high hopes for a big year in 2016. With more than 250 exhibitors from 42 countries expected this year, the sixth edition of the three-day event in Dubai will be nearly 50 per cent larger in size than the inaugural edition in 2011, which featured 202 exhibitors covering 3,500 sqm of exhibition space. According to its organiser Messe Frankfurt Middle East, the growth of Paperworld Middle East can be attributed to the globally recognised Paperworld brand, while the strategic location in Dubai presents the ideal gateway for international manufacturers to target emerging regional markets throughout the Middle East and Africa. That in turn has led to a steady increase in international buyers to the dedicated annual trade show – from 4,420 in 2011 to 6,099 from 115 countries in 2015 – as the wider region keeps pace with expandingPaperworld Middle East 2016 eyes continued growth (4) economies and a surging population base. Another major indicator of the show’s success is the continued support from its five Launch Partners, which will all line-up again when Paperworld Middle East returns from 1-3 March 2016 at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre. These are headed by UAE-based manufacturer Farook International Stationery (FIS), which exports 10 UAE paper and stationery brands throughout the world, proudly flying the ‘Made in UAE’ flag in more than 90 countries. Having first established itself as a retailer and wholesaler in 1980, FIS started manufacturing in 1990, and now produces 5,000 Stock Keeping Units from three UAE factories. The company also has ten show rooms, and represents 11 international stationery brands in addition to its own brands. Farook Rahimtulla, President of Farook International Stationery, said the key to its success over the years is due to the high quality ‘Made in UAE’ global reputation that FIS has established. “We are proud to have reached a stage in the last 35 years where we have achieved enormous growth,” said Rahimtulla. “The first day I started the business on 13 April 1980, we had AED six in sales only. “Now we make more than AED one million in sales per day, so this is how much we have grown in this time. This is of course through hard work, taking risks, and focusing on building our brand into an internationally recognised quality brand. We’re very proud that the Made in UAE brand has a high value among our customers.” Commenting on FIS’ long-standing support for Paperworld Middle East, Rahimtulla added: “FIS was one of the first to support the idea of Paperworld Middle East here in Dubai. We understood from day one that through exhibiting here, we are not just targeting the UAE market; we are targeting the Middle East, Africa, Asia and the CIS. Another returning launch partner to Paperworld Middle East 2016 is school bag manufacturer Paxos. Dimitris Vassiliadis, General Manager of Paxos, said the Middle East is its ‘number one’ market, where it has the exclusive license for major brands such as Head, Maui, Play-Doh, and Transformers. “About 35 per cent of our business is in the Middle East,” said Vassiliadis. “The region is growing for us by 10-15 per cent every year, and it’s the only global market that’s really growing.” Paperworld Middle East’s other Launch Partners include paper and pulp producer April Fine; and German pen makers Lamy, and Schneider. Other headline names returning in 2016 include Saudi-base d Clips Trading, Portuguese pulp and paper producer grupo Portucel Soporcel, and Exacompta from France, a manufacturer of office and filing products. AhmMr Ahmed Pauwels, CEO, Epoc Messe Frankfurt GmH 5ed Pauwels, CEO of Messe Frankfurt Middle East, said: “Paperworld Middle East has grown in size and scope since its inaugural edition in 2011, and this is reflected in the positive response and success of our Launch Partners who have been with the show since the beginning. “An added factor to its success is the enviable advantage of being located in Dubai, the trade and commerce hub of the entire Middle East and Africa. Upcoming events such as the Dubai Expo 2020 will further enhance the Emirate’s international reputation, whPaperworld Middle East 2016 eyes continued growth (2)ich will have a knock-on effect on all industries, including paper, office supplies, and stationery.” Paperworld Middle East 2016 is expected attract more than 6,000 trade buyers from 105 countries and will return with popular features including the Green Office Area, a dedicated section that showcases sustainably produced essential Paperworld Middle East 2016 eyes continued growth (1) office supplies; the Wrapstar gift wrapping competition; and the Paperworld Recycling Competition, an inspirational showcase of sculptures created by UAE school children and made entirely from recycled school stationery. Paperworld profile: Paperworld is the world’s leading trade fair for paper, office supplies and stationery products for private and business use. Paperworld Middle East brings this strong brand and years of industry experience to the region. As part of the Paperworld family, it is a trade and networking platform for office and paper products, presenting new opportunities for manufacturers, suppliers and distributors to meet with perspective clients and dealers in the wider MENA region. In 2015, Paperworld Middle East featured 296 exhibitors from 42 countries, and attracted 6,099 interested buyers and decision makers from 115 countries. For more information, please visit Background information on Messe Frankfurt Messe Frankfurt is one of the world’s leading trade fair organisers, generating around €645* million in sales and employing 2,297* people. The Messe Frankfurt Group has a global network of 29 subsidiaries and 57 international Sales Partners, allowing it to serve its customers on location in more than 160 countries. Messe Frankfurt events take place at more than 40 locations around the globe. In 2015, Messe Frankfurt organised a total of 132* trade fairs, of which more than half took place outside Germany. Comprising an area of 592,127 square metres, Messe Frankfurt’s exhibition grounds are home to ten exhibition halls. The company also operates two congress centres.The historic Festhalle, one of the most popular venues in Germany, plays host to events of all kinds. Messe Frankfurt is publicly owned, with the City of Frankfurt holding 60 percent and the State of Hesse 40 percent. For more information, please visit our website at: * preliminary numbers (2015) About Messe Frankfurt Middle East GmbH The portfolio of events for Messe Frankfurt Middle East includes Automechanika Dubai, Automechanika Jeddah, Beautyworld Middle East, Hardware+Tools Middle East, Intersec, Leatherworld Middle East, Light Middle East, Materials Handling Middle East and Paperworld Middle East. The subsidiary also organises a series of conferences and seminars including the BOHS Worker Health Protection Conference, the Beautyworld Spa and Wellness Management Summit, the Light Middle East Conference, Smart Traffic Middle East, and Future Mobility. For more information, please visit our website at

  • 13
    Strong economic and social indicators steer UAE toys and games market into US$1 billion industry – Euromonitor report

    FEB-2016 – Global toy manufacturers line-up product launches for buoyant market at Playworld Middle East 2016 Dubai, UAE: The future looks bright for the UAE children’s toy sector, as a growing population coupled with a continuous increase in tourism steers the country’s toys and games market into a US$1 billion industry, according to a recent study. A report by analysts Euromonitor International said the UAE’s retail value for toys and games, which was worth US$686 million in 2014, is projected to grow 11 per cent in 2015 to be worth US$762 million. By 2019 the retail value, which includes traditional children’s toys and games along with video games, will be worth US$1.06 billion, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 9 per cent.7352240e-c4b7-4322-95f5-8ab20c738ceb The UAE’s rising birth rate and high number of young working adults is having a positive impact on the market according to the August 2015 report, while the influx of retail space added to the country’s network of malls and community centres is also ramping up demand. With an US$80 per capita spend on toys and games – more than Japan, Spain and Italy – the UAE is developing into a prime market for international toy manufacturers eager to expand their presence in the country and further afield into surrounding Gulf markets. Plush toy manufacturer Wild Planet is among the brands that will line-up their latest range of children’s toys and games at the upcoming Playworld and Paperworld Middle East 2016 trade show in Dubai. The Portuguese company will be one of many global manufacturers at the annual three-day event, which takes place from 1-3 March 2016 at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre. Pedro Kleinsteuber, Export Manager at Wild Planet, said the company is planning to launch in the Middle East market 70 new items across four collections, as it looks to triple its sales revenue over the next two years. “In 2014, our business volume in the Middle East was worth US$250,000, and we’re looking to increase this to US$750,000 by 2016,” said Kleinsteuber. “Plush toys are very popular in the region, particularly in the UAE, where tourists can buy soft toys that are easy to carry back home. “Retail space for children’s toys and games will increase, and we anticipate meeting a wide range of traders, wholesalers, distributors, and retailers at Paperworld Middle East 2016 as we build on our presence in the market,” added Kleinsteuber. Other headline names specialising in children’s toys and games at Playworld and Paperworld Middle East 2016 include Spanish Company Globos Festival, Rock Spring Trading from Saudi Arabia, and UAE-based JustDK. Mr Ahmed Pauwels, CEO, Epoc Messe Frankfurt GmH 5Ahmed Pauwels, CEO of Messe Frankfurt Middle East, the organiser of Playworld and Paperworld Middle East, said: “The UAE has a predominantly young expatriate working population with high disposable incomes, and many households also have young families. “Compulsory medical insurance that covers maternity, as well as a rise in private hospitals has led to an increase in birth rates, while more schools means it’s also easier to raise a family in the country. “Favourable economic and social indicators such as these explain the strong growth in consumers purchasing children’s toys and games. Add to that its global status as a tourism shopping destination, and thousands of square meterage of retail space added every year, and the UAE’s toy market looks in good shape,” added Pauwels. The retail value for children’s toys and games in the UAE includes traditional toys and games (plush toys, dolls, action figures and related accessories, remote control toys, puzzles, games, and children’s party items), and video game hardware and software. According to the Euromonitor report, titled: ‘Toys and Games in the UAE’, approximately US$355 million (AED1.3 billion) of the US$686 million in retail value in 2014 was for traditional toys and games, with video game hardware and software accounting for US$331 million. Hypermarkets and other brick and mortar-based specialist toy stores conveniently located at malls across the country are the major distribution channels for traditional toys and games, while retailers are increasingly investing in internet retail to cater to the ongoing trend of consumers researching and comparing options online. Now in its 6th edition, Paperworld Middle East 2016 is the Middle East and North Africa’s largest trade show for stationery, paper, and office supplies, featuring more than 300 exhibitors from 42 countries. The dedicated trade show is expected to attract more than 6,000 trade buyers from 105 countries and will return with popular features including the Green Office Area, a dedicated section that showcases sustainably produced essential office supplies; the Wrapstar gift wrapping competition; and the Paperworld Recycling Competition, an inspirational showcase of sculptures created by UAE school children and made entirely from recycled school stationery.

  • 12
    Lowe Lintas devices clean strategy for Luxor Nano Clean

    AUGUST-2012 – The company has lined up a series of above-the-line and below-the-line activities as part of its launch plan with ad spend of Rs. 15-20 crore. Luxor Group, which has been in the business of writing instruments for about five decades now, has recently announced its foray into the cleaning and protecting industry through its Luxor Nano Clean product. Amitabh Bachchan who is already the face of Luxor’s Parker pen brand, has been roped in as the brand ambassador for the new product as well. The TVC that debuted with NDTV ‘Save the Tiger’ campaign on July 15 has been conceived by Lowe Lintas. DK Jain, Chairman and President, Luxor Group said, “We briefed the agency to communicate the fact that our revolutionary product not only cleans but also protects the surfaces. This is a new category we have entered into. The campaign has been developed on the basis of the consumer insight that in India, surface cleaning has traditionally been done with mops or wipers, using a detergent-based or acid-based solution. Luxor Nano Clean 2-in-1 is easy to clean and protects the given surface from dust, dirt, stains for a long period and there by reduces cleaning time, effort and cost.” The 30-second TVC shows a housewife instructing the housekeeper to clean the furniture efficiently as her husband eats his meal. Enter Amitabh Bachchan, who calls for ‘security’. Anticipating some trouble, the man announces that ‘yahan koi khatra nahi hai’ (there is no problem here). Amitabh then says all of them (wife and the keeper) are terrorists since they are destroying all furniture surfaces by rubbing and using ordinary cleaning agent. He then advocates the use of Luxor Nano Clean to the housekeeper. “For this project that we handled, the brief was to clearly pitch this brand as a technologically superior product. But we decided to play technology at a very human insight level. Amitabh Bachchan gave the brand the premium-ness that was required and importantly brings his trademark soft wit to compensate for the competitive stance that a new brand needs to stand out in a cluttered category,” said Shriram V Iyer, ECD, Lowe Lintas, Gurgaon. Apart from the TVC, the brand is also advocating the product through print media across Delhi Times, HT City, Malayala Manorama, Deccan Herald etc, and ATL and BTL activities. Jain informed, “The campaign would run till end of August, post which we will look at capturing media where we did not advertise in the first phase.” While September would see the extension of Luxor Nano product, October would mark the announcement of the brand’s cleaning agent for mobile and TV screens. And the announcement would continue till December, when the group announces the cleaning agent for automobile segment. “We are planning to spend close to Rs. 15-20 crore this fiscal on media and advertising,” Jain concluded. Credits: Brand: Luxor Nano Clean Agency: Lowe Lintas Creative team: Amer Jaleel, Mohit Arora, Shayondeep Pal, Manzoor Alam, Prachi Sharma, Anshul Nagpal Servicing team: Tanul Bhartiya, Chandrika Kohli, Vivek Mishra Source:

  • 11
    Indian President urges chemical industry to go green

    OCT-2012 – President of India, Mr. Pranab Mukherjee, has urged the chemical industry to focus on promoting sustainable development by increasing investment in green technologies. Inaugurating India Chem 2012, the President said the domestic chemical industry should set targets and standards and make utmost efforts to follow the safety norms and international health and environmental standards. He said, according to the National Manufacturing Policy, the chemical and petrochemical industry can play a major part in boosting the share of manufacturing sector in the GDP from the existing 16 percent to 25 percent. He said the National Chemical Policy, which is under formulation at present, would contain measures to enhance its performance. The President said India has become a centre of attraction for global chemical companies and suggested that the industry should now at once engage in research and collaborations. He noted that Asia’s share in the international chemical industry has grown from 31 percent to 45 percent. However, the US$ 108 billion Indian chemical industry represents only three percent share of the global chemical industry, he added. This presents the Indian legislators and the industry with a solid reason to take the first step towards preparing a policy aimed at boosting the sector’s share in Asian and global markets, he said. He urged the Indian chemical industry to hike its Research and Development (R&D) expenditure from the existing one to two percent of the annual turnover to five to six percent. India Chem 2012, a chemical industry expo, was organized by the Department of Chemicals and Petrochemicals, in association with the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

  • 10
    India needs shot in arm for recycling paper

    AUGUST-2012 – Recycling paper, is essentially, turning waste paper into new paper. According to Tappi (the leading technical association for the worldwide pulp, paper and converting industry), the paper recycling process, involves mixing of wastepaper with water and chemicals to break it down. The broken residue is then chopped up and heated to convert it into strands of cellulose, called pulp or slurry. This pulp is then cleaned, “deinked”, bleached, and mixed with water and converted into new paper. Recycling paper has a big impact on saving wood that is used to generate the paper. For example, according to the environmental paper network, recycling a tonne of newsprint saves about a tonne of wood, while recycling a tonne of printing or copier paper, saves slightly more than two tonnes of wood. Also, it is believed that recycling paper saves energy. For example, the energy information administration claims a 40 per cent reduction in energy when paper is recycled, compared with paper made with unrecycled pulp, while the bureau of international recycling (BIR) claims a 64 per cent reduction. In addition, the US environmental protection agency (EPA) has found that recycling causes 35 per cent less water pollution and 74 per cent less air pollution than making new paper. Also, according to EPA, about 35 per cent of municipal solid waste (before recycling) by weight is paper and paper products that would not enter landfills if it is recycled. Although, the potential and benefits for recycling paper seem immense, very little paper is recycled in India. According to the Indian Paper Manufacturers Association (IPMA), in India, only about 20 per cent waste paper is being recycled every year. This low recycling rate is mainly on account of alternate use of paper in wrapping, packing, and the lack of source segregation that makes waste paper contaminated and unusable. Thus, India lacks collection, sorting and grading system of waste paper for proper utilisation. IPMA believes that this rate of paper recycling in India is very low, compared with other countries. Paper recycling rate in Germany is 73 per cent, in Sweden, it is 69 per cent, in Japan, it is 60 per cent, in western Europe, it is 56 per cent, in the US, it is 49 per cent, and in Italy, it is 45 per cent. In fact, the US postal service recycles more than a million tonnes of scrap paper and $160 million worth of recycled paper each year. It has even won the environmental mailer award. In a recent report, the Central Pulp & Paper Research Institute (CPPRI) has stated that by 2010, about half of the global amount of fibres used in papermaking will be recycled fibres. However, the report admits that recycled fibre sourcing in India is a challenge. The 20 per cent Indian recycling estimate, is alarming given that the projected demand for fresh paper in India will be likely around 21 million tonnes over the next few years, according to ITC and Indian Agro & Recycled Paper Mills Association (IARPMA). This amount of paper consumption is likely, because in India, per capita paper consumption has been increasing: To 9.18 kg in 2009-10 from 8.3 kg during 2008-09. Also, given the poor recycling rate in India, unsorted waste and dumps would likely fill nearby landfills. In this regard, paper recycling seems to offer a partial answer to this problem, because every tonne of paper recycled, saves more than 3.3 cubic yards of landfill space. Although, India has been behind in recycling paper, of late, IPMA has taken a number of recycling initiatives. For instance, last year, ITC’s paperboards and specialty papers division, launched a waste paper collection programme called “wealth out of waste (WOW)”, in select areas in Hyderabad, Bangalore and Coimbatore, and is now, expanding it include more areas in south India, including Chennai. WOW is a recycling initiative that works towards spreading awareness about recycling and encourages people to segregate and dispose waste responsibly. It is an internationally recognised initiative by the bureau of international of recycling. In the programme, WOW reaches out to schools, institutions and homes through its awareness building teams, about source segregation of waste. After a stipulated period of time, the WOW team goes back to collect the waste kept aside by schools/institutions/homes, and pays them for the recyclables collected. In Chennai, WOW has tied up with 30-40 IT companies including Infosys, IBM, and Wipro, which would sell their waste paper to ITC for recycling. It also plans to tie up with residential welfare associations (RWAs), NGOs and local bodies to expand the waste paper collection programme. According to IPMA, government intervention is necessary to encourage segregation at source and increase recycling to minimise landfill and related environmental hazards. Given that the paper recycling patterns are irregular in India at present, recycling paper has a tremendous potential to be exploited on a commercial scale. One can argue that one can develop a very respectable income collecting and selling paper to the recycling centres. It certainly does not take any education, specialised training or experience; it’s as simple as saving your old newspapers and turning them in to a central collection depot.

  • 9
    K Chandrasekhar Rao wants imports from China curbed

    K. Chandrasekhar Rao has asked Prime Minister Modi to restrict imports of heavy machinery, pulp and paper from China. Sirpur Paper Mills in Adilabad and AP Rayon Paper in Warangal were hit by the import of cheap paper and pulp from China which has forced both the companies to shut down as their products are costlier than imported material, he said. “The Sirpur Paper Mills management, for whom I waived Rs. 6 crore pending power bills, says it is hit by Chinese paper/pulp. AP Rayon Paper Mills too faces similar problems. They sought concessions and I agreed. Our spinning mills are also hit by China which is attacking our economy,” Mr. Rao said. Requesting Union labour minister Bandaru Dattatreya to take up the issue with Mr. Modi and Union industry minister Nirmala Sitharaman, he said he would raise the issue at the next Niti Aayog meet with the Prime Minister. “China bazaars sell products cheap. You get it cheap, but it will work only for three months. Our cotton farmers are also hit,” he added. The CM said he was pained when top officials of Mahindra and Mahindra’s Zaheerabad unit and Shanta Biotech chief Shyam Prasad Reddy told him all the heavy machinery in the manufacturing sector were imported. “They aren’t great machines. Can’t we make them and create jobs for our people. We had HMT, but it was shut,” he said. The CM also asked Mr Dattatreya to make use of ESIC fund to the tune of Rs 14,000 crore for workers which are kept unutilised in banks. He said the state government would set up skill building units in every district. When he asked the audience including Mr Dattatreya to raise their hands if they feel the power situation is better than last year, all raised their hands. He said there are no power cuts in the state and it will have additional 3,000 MW by March next and provide nine hour power to the farm sector.